Crane Types & Hierarchy of Operations
The CraneSafe Certificate provides operators with the required proof of competence for the following types of equipment in BC and Yukon. The types of cranes each crane type is qualified to operate is also indicated below.
♦ – For certification in these crane types, operators must first register with the ITA as an apprentice or as a challenger. Challengers must complete a 100-question multiple choice written test. Once they have successfully completed the ITA test, operators should apply for the Fulford CraneSafe practical assessment.
◊ – For certification in these crane types, operators apply directly for the CraneSafe practical assessment with Fulford and are not required to register with the ITA.
TONNE (Metric Ton)
1 Tonne = 1,000 kg = 2,205 lbs
1 Tonne = 1.1023 Tons
(short tons, American tons)
1 Tonne = 0.9844 Tons
(long tons, Imperial tons)
SHORT TON (US or American)
1 short ton = 2,000 lbs = 907 kg
1 short ton = .9072 Tonnes
LONG TON (Imperial)
1 long ton = 1,016 kg = 2,240 lb
1 long ton = 1.0161 Tonnes
- Mobile Crane ♦
(includes Friction Lattice Boom, Hydraulic Lattice Boom and Mobile Hydraulic Unlimited Tonnage) †
- Mobile Hydraulic – 80 Tonnes & Under ♦
- Mobile Hydraulic – 20 Tonnes & Under ◊
- Stiff Boom – Unlimited Tonnage ♦
- Stiff Boom – 40 Tonnes & Under ◊
- Stiff Boom – 20 Tonnes & Under ◊
- Folding Boom – Unlimited Tonnage ♦
- Folding Boom – 22 Tonnes & Under ◊
- Folding Boom – 10 Tonnes & Under ◊
- Tower Crane ♦
- Self Erect Tower Crane ◊
Tower Crane operators must provide documented proof of at least 500 hours of on-crane seat time plus 500 hours of rigging time.
Hierarchy of Crane Operation
The types of cranes each crane type is qualified to operate is also indicated below (i.e. crane operators who are qualified to operate Mobile Cranes are qualified to operate all other Mobile cranes and also all Boom Trucks but not Tower cranes).
1. Friction Lattice Boom Cranes are also known as conventional cranes.
2. Folding Boom Cranes are also known as Knuckle Boom Cranes and Articulating Boom Cranes (i.e. HIAB).
3. Tower Cranes include luffing and track mounted cranes.
4. Tonnes are metric.
† As of January 1, 2017, new registrants who are operators of "Lattice Boom Friction Cranes", "Lattice Boom Hydraulic Cranes", and "Hydraulic Unlimited Tonnage Cranes" will be merged into one certification called "Mobile Crane Operator".
Crane Operators currently registered in Mobile Crane Operator Hydraulic Unlimited Tonnage, Mobile Crane Operator Lattice Boom Hydraulic Crane or Mobile Crane Operator Lattice Boom Friction Crane may re-register in the new Mobile Crane Operator program, or complete their current program without any changes until July 31, 2019. — ITA BC www.itabc.ca/program/mobile-crane-operator