New Hoisting Regulations for Telehandlers, Overhead Cranes & Forklifts
WorkSafeBC Guidleline 14.34
OPERATORS have to be
"instructed in how to operate the specific equipment being used in a hoisting or lifting application".
EMPLOYERS must have
"records relating to the competency assessment and the qualifications of the operator".
Telehandlers with winch packages, forklifts with jibs and Volvo pipelayers are increasingly being used as cranes but don't require a crane operator certification. Similarly, there is no certification required to operate overhead cranes.
In response this grey area, WorkSafeBC introduced Guideline 14.34 in October of 2015 that requires operators be trained to hoist with the specific type of equipment and demonstrate their competency in a number of knowledge and skill areas specified by WorkSafeBC. A copy of the full guideline can be found here www.fulford.ca/G14.34.
Employers are required to verify the competency of their non-crane hoisting equipment operators via "records relating to the competency assessment and the qualifications of the operator". This could include records from in-house competency assessments or certifications by a third party organisation.
The extent of the documentation expected by WorkSafe would vary depending on the complexity of the hoisting equipment. For example, it would be a much simpler assessment for an operator of a small shop crane than a 40 ton telehandler.
The new Guideline applies to all hoisting devices such as overhead cranes, telehandlers, Volvo pipelayers, fork lifts with jib attachments and logging equipment with load lines.
Excavators, front end loaders and other earth moving equipment are excluded from the Guideline so long they are being used in a lifting task incidental to their primary purpose (i.e. earth moving), and, the "manuals and operating instructions of the manufacturer of that equipment provide criteria for that lifting task".
It should be noted that the Guideline doesn't change the mandatory operator certification requirement for mobile cranes, tower cranes and boom trucks.
WorkSafeBC HOISTING COMPETENCIES
- Understand the operating manual, equipment limitations and applicable requirements of the Regulation
- Recognize potential worksite hazards
- Assemble and disassemble the hoist in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and specifications
- Select appropriate boom, jib, track/outrigger extension, parts of load line, and counterweight to meet lift requirements and determine the net lifting capacity
- Properly use load charts for lifting components installed and configuration used
- Configure and use the controls, computer, and limiting device functions
- Inspect the equipment components and performing minor maintenance
- Maintain the equipment log book
- Operate in a safe, controlled, and smooth manner; understand safe rigging and lifting procedures
- Hand signals and radio protocol for hoisting operations
- Understand and calculate (as necessary) lift plans
- Understand critical lift definitions, supervision, planning, and applicable requirements
- Shut down and secure equipment when unattended